B – Reading comprehension
B – Reading comprehension
Carefully read the short text or document linked to the aviation world (i.e. NOTAM, safety information, meteorological report…). Afterwards, summarize the subject, speak about it in order to show that you have understood the meaning and the content of the document.
Here are examples of documents:
This document is a chart showing what may be described as the normal decrease in safety margin during the course of an average flight.
There are two obvious but significant observations here: accidents are most likely to occur during approaches and landings, and it is the landing phase—at the end of the flight—where the workload and fatigue factor are at their maximum.
We can also see that the taking-off phase is the second phase during which the safety margin decreases.
The level of pilot capabilities reduces gradually during all the duration of the flight.
LGAV 230850Z VRB03KT 9999 FEW030 BKN070 23/16 Q1009 NOSIG
Location is LGAV (Athens in Greece) – Day of month is 23, Time: 08:50 UTC
Wind is variable in direction; speed = 3 knots
Visibility is 10 km or more
Cloud coverage: few (1 to 2 oktas) at 3000 feet above aerodrome level
Cloud coverage: broken (5 to 7 oktas) at 7000 feet above aerodrome level
Temperature is 23 degrees Celsius
Dewpoint is 16 degrees Celsius
QNH (msl pressure).: 1009 hPa
No significant changes for the next 2 hours
This document depicts and explains what you can carry through security as hand luggage for flights departing from Julian Adolph Penget International Airport.
Only limited quantities of liquids may be carried through airport security into the departure lounge. This includes bottled drinks, suntan lotion, fragrances, cosmetics and toiletries. Liquids may only be carried in containers holding 3oz ( that is 100ml) or less. They must be carried separately in a single bag which is transparent. The following exceptions will be made to the 100ml rule: baby food or baby milk, liquid medicine or formula.
The articles presented in the second part of the documents are banned in hand baggage: guns, flammable or explosive materials, sharp objects, tools,…
I do believe that these controls are necessary for the security of the airport and flights, but it takes a lot of time and you have to be at the airport well in advance to make sure you don’t miss the departure.
Here is another example of document for more training:
What is wind shear?
Wind shear refers to a change in wind speed or direction with height in the atmosphere.
Wind shear can also refer to a rapid change in winds over a short horizontal distance experienced by aircraft, conditions that can cause a rapid change in lift, and thus the altitude, of the aircraft.
Some amount of wind shear is always present in the atmosphere, but particularly strong wind shear Wind shear is important for the formation of tornadoes and hail.
Larger values of wind shear also exist near fronts, extra tropical cyclones, and the jet stream.
Wind shear in an atmospheric layer that is clear, but unstable, can result in clear air turbulence.
Interesting facts: To make air travel safer, many airports now have wind shear detection equipment near the ends of runways to warn aircraft if it is too dangerous to land.