ICAO/EASA Rating Scale

Level 6 - Expert

PRONUNCIATION

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and intonation, though possibly influenced by the first language or regional variation, almost never interfere with ease of understanding.

STRUCTURE

Both basic and complex grammatical structures and sentence patterns are consistently well controlled.

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary range and accuracy are sufficient to communicate effectively on a wide variety of familiar and unfamiliar topics. Vocabulary is idiomatic, nuanced, and sensitive to register.

FLUENCY

Able to speak at length with a natural, effortless flow. Varies speech flow for stylistic effect, e.g. to emphasize a point. Uses appropriate discourse markers and connectors spontaneously.

COMPREHENSION

Comprehension is consistently accurate in nearly all contexts and includes comprehension of linguistic and cultural subtleties.

INTERACTIONS

Interacts with ease in nearly all situations. Is sensitive to verbal and non-verbal cues and responds to them appropriately.

Level 5 - Extended

PRONUNCIATION

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and intonation, though influenced by the first language or regional variation, rarely interfere with ease of understanding.

STRUCTURE

Basic grammatical structures and sentence patterns are consistently well controlled. Complex structures are attempted but with errors which sometimes interfere with meaning.

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary range and accuracy are sufficient to communicate effectively on common, concrete, and work-related topics. Paraphases consistently and successfully. Vocabulary is sometimes idiomatic.

FLUENCY

Able to speak at length with relative ease on familiar topics but may not vary speech flow as a stylistic device. Can make use of appropriate discourse markers or connectors.

COMPREHENSION

Comprehension is accurate on common, concrete, and work-related topics and mostly accurate when the speaker is confronted with a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events. Is able to comprehend a range of speech varieties (dialect and/or accent) or registers.

INTERACTIONS

Responses are immediate, appropriate, and informative. Manages the speaker/listener relationship effectively.

Level 4 - Operational

PRONUNCIATION

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and intonation are influenced by the first language or regional variation but only sometimes interfere with ease of understanding.

STRUCTURE

Basic grammatical structures and sentence patterns are used creatively and are usually well controlled. Errors may occur, particularly in unusual or unexpected circumstances, but rarely interfere with meaning.

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary range and accuracy are usually sufficient to communicate effectively on common, concrete, and work-related topics. Can often paraphrase successfully when lacking vocabulary in unusual or unexpected circumstances.

FLUENCY

Produces stretches of language at an appropriate tempo. There may be occassional loss of fluency on transition from rehearsed or formulaic speech to spontaneous interaction, but this does not prevent effective communication. Can make limited use of discourse markers or connectors. Fillers are not distracting.

COMPREHENSION

Comprehension is mostly accurate on common, concrete, and work-related topics when the accent or variety used is sufficiently intelligible for an international community of users. When the speaker is confronted with a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events, comprehension may be slower or require clarification strategies.

INTERACTIONS

Responses are usually immediate, appropriate, and informative. Initiates and maintains exchanges even when dealing with an unexpected turn of events. Deals adequately with apparent misunderstandings by checking, confirming, or clarifying.

Level 3 - Pre-operational

PRONUNCIATION

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and intonation are influenced by the first language or regional variation and frequently interfere with ease of understanding.

STRUCTURE

Basic grammatical structures and sentence patterns associated with predictable situations are not always well controlled. Errors frequently interfere with meaning.

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary range and accuracy are often sufficient to communicate on common, concrete, or work-related topics, but range is limited and the word choice often inappropriate. Is often unable to paraphrase successfully when lacking vocabulary.

FLUENCY

Produces stretches of language, but phrasing and pausing are often inappropriate. Hesitations or slowness in language processing may prevent effective communication. Fillers are sometimes distracting.

COMPREHENSION

Comprehension is often accurate on common, concrete, and work-related topics when the accent or variety used is sufficiently intelligible for an international community of users. May fail to understand a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events.

INTERACTIONS

Responses are sometimes immediate, appropriate, and informative. Can initiate and maintain exchanges with reasonable ease on familiar topics and in predictable situations. Generally inadequate when dealing with an unexpected turn of events.

Level 2 - Elementary

PRONUNCIATION

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and intonation are heavily influenced by the first language or regional variation and usually interfere with ease of understanding.

STRUCTURE

Shows only limited control of a few simple memorized grammatical structures and sentence patterns.

VOCABULARY

Limited vocabulary range consisting only of isolated words and memorized phrases.

FLUENCY

Can produce very short, isolated, memorized utterances with frequent pausing and a distracting use of fillers to search for expressions and to articulate less familiar words.

COMPREHENSION

Comprehension is limited to isolated, memorized phrases when they are carefully and slowly articulated.

INTERACTIONS

Response time is slow and often inappropriate. Interaction is limited to simple routine exchanges.

Level 1 - Pre-elementary

PRONUNCIATION

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

STRUCTURE

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

VOCABULARY

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

FLUENCY

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

COMPREHENSION

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

INTERACTIONS

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.