IFR virtual flight

IFR virtual flight


This exercise is specifically dedicated to the ICAO standard phraseology. You are the pilot in command and the operational examiner is playing the role of the air traffic controller. You are asked to use standard radiotelephony communication whenever possible. If no standard phraseology is available for the situation, use plain language.

My tips:

  • This exercise is very important to demonstrate your knowledge and ease of utilization of the ICAO standard phraseology.
  • For acronyms and abbreviations, you may be asked to explain their meaning.
  • The virtual flight may include an emergency situation.

Here are two examples of virtual flights. Both contain the sentences spoken by the ATCO. Check your answers with a proposed version of communication between the pilot and the ATC.

1. Taking-off from Schiphol, the Netherlands

Information:

Aircraft identification: King 350

Runway in use in Amsterdam: 36L for take-off, 36 C for landing

SID: ARNEM 1V

Radio frequencies:

Schiphol Delivery: 121.97

Start-­up: 121.65

Ground I: 121.7

Ground II: 121.8

Ground III: 121.9

Tower: 119.22

Departure lower sector: 119.05

Departure upper sector: 121.2

Maastricht Radar: 133.855

Instructions:

You are on board of your aircraft (King air 350), stand G74, You are ready to ask your ATC clearance, ATIS is information Delta. Expected take off runway is 36L. You are able to take off from intersection V2, 3 and 4.

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, clear to destination via ARNEM 1V departure, runway 36L, climb flight level 080 unrestricted, Squawk 7115, Delta is valid

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: Correct, contact Schiphol Start–‐up on 121.65

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, confirm stand number

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, Clear to start up, time check 1005, QNH 997, report ready to taxi on ground frequency 121.7

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350 clear to taxi via A19 to taxiway B, clearance limit N5

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, you are approaching N5, monitor next frequency 121.8

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, give way to KLM 777 coming right to left on C

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, behind preceding traffic, straight ahead, second right on D, hold short abeam W5

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, turn left, hold short runway 36C, W5, Contact tower on 119.22

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, hold position traffic on final

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, clear to cross runway 36C from W5 to VM, call me back when runway vacated, expedite crossing traffic 4 nautical miles final

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, contact ground on 121.9

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, clear to taxi to VK via VM. When reaching VK monitor tower on 119.22

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, Able to take off from V1?

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, in this case, taxi to holding point V4, runway 36L, report when ready for departure

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, line up runway 36L and wait

A/C: ___________________________________________

ATC: King 350, clear for take-off runway 36L, wind 335/10 knots, report when passing 2000 feet

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: ___________________________________________

A/C: Schiphol delivery, King 350, stand G74, Information D request ATC Clearance

ATC: King 350, clear to destination via ARNEM 1V departure, runway 36L, climb flight level 080 unrestricted, Squawk 7115, Delta is valid

A/C: Clear to destination via ARNEM 1V departure, climb flight level 080 unrestricted, Squawk 7115, King 350

ATC: Correct, contact Schiphol Start–‐up on 121.65

A/C: Contact Schiphol Start–‐up on 121.65, King 350

A/C: Schiphol Start-up , King 350, Stand G74, request start-up

ATC: King 350, confirm stand number

A/C: Stand is G74, King 350

ATC: King 350, Clear to start up, time check 1005, QNH 997, report ready to taxi on ground frequency 121.7

A/C: Start up approved, QNH 997, will report ready to taxi on ground frequency 121.7, King 350

A/C: Ground hello, King 350, ready to taxi

ATC: King 350 clear to taxi via A19 to taxiway B, clearance limit N5

A/C: Clear to taxi via A19 to taxiway B, clearance limit N5, King 350

ATC: King 350, you are approaching N5, monitor next frequency 121.8

A/C: monitoring next frequency 121.8, King 350

ATC: King 350, give way to KLM 777 coming right to left on C

A/C: Giving way to KLM 777, traffic in sight, King 350

ATC: King 350, behind preceding traffic, straight ahead, second right on D, hold short abeam W5

A/C: Behind preceding traffic, straight ahead, second right on D, hold short abeam W5, King 350

A/C: Approaching W5, King 350

ATC: King 350, turn left, hold short runway 36C, W5, Contact tower on 119.22

A/C: Turn left, hold short runway 36C, W5, Contact tower on 119.22, King 350

A/C: Tower, King 350, hold short runway 36C, W5

ATC: King 350, hold position traffic on final

A/C: Hold position, King 350

ATC: King 350, clear to cross runway 36C from W5 to VM, call me back when runway vacated, expedite crossing traffic 4 nautical miles final

A/C: Clear to cross runway 36C from W5 to VM, call you when runway vacated, expediting King 350

A/C: Runway 36C vacated holding short VM, King 350

ATC: King 350, contact ground on 121.9

A/C: Contact ground on 121.9, King 350

A/C: Ground, King 350, holding at VM

ATC: King 350, clear to taxi to VK via VM. When reaching VK monitor tower on 119.22

A/C: Clear to taxi to VK via VM. When reaching VK monitor tower on 119.22, King 350

ATC: King 350, Able to take off from V1?

A/C: Negative, only V2, King 350

ATC: King 350, in this case, taxi to holding point V4, runway 36L, report when ready for departure

A/C: Taxi to holding point V4, runway 36L, report when ready for departure, King 350

A/C: Hold short runway 36L, V4, ready for departure King 350

ATC: King 350, line up runway 36L and wait

A/C: Lining up runway 36L and wait, King 350

ATC: King 350, clear for take-off runway 36L, wind 335/10 knots, report when passing 2000 feet

A/C: Clear for take-off runway 36L, report when passing 2000 feet, King 350

A/C: King 350, passing 2000 feet

2. Landing at Paris-Le Bourget, France

Environment:

Aircraft identification: Prime 525

Runway in use in Paris Le Bourget: 27

STAR: MOPIL 5 E

Radio frequencies:

Paris Upper: 118.235

De Gaulle Approach: 126.42

Le Bourget Approach: 121.95

Le Bourget Tower: 118.92

Instructions:

You are on board of your aircraft (Citation Jet), en route for a flight from London City. You are going to land at Paris-Le Bourget.

ATC: Prime 525, maintain mach .74 minimum and contact Paris Upper on 118.235

A/C: _____________________________________________

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, identified, MOPIL 5E arrival, descent Flight level 140 when passing flight level 160 contact De Gaulle Approach on 126.42

A/C: _____________________________________________

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, descent flight level 110, reduce speed 250 knots, direct to VEBEK

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, when passing VEBEK, fly heading 270° and contact Le Bourget Approach on 121.95

A/C: _____________________________________________

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525 descent flight level 080, turn left heading 180°, reduce speed 210 knots

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, descent altitude 3000 feet QNH 1005, turn right heading 210°, on this heading clear for ILS approach runway 27

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, when established ILS runway 27, contact Le Bourget Tower on 118.92

A/C: _____________________________________________

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, cleared to land runway 27, wind 230° 11 knots

A/C: _____________________________________________

ATC: Prime 525, maintain mach .74 minimum and contact Paris Upper on 118.235

A/C: Maintain mach .74 minimum and contact Paris Upper on 118.235, Prime 525

A/C: Paris Upper, Prime 525, flight level 180, mach .74, inbound Mopil

ATC: Prime 525, identified, MOPIL 5E arrival, descent Flight level 140 when passing flight level 160 contact De Gaulle Approach on 126.42

A/C: MOPIL 5E arrival, descent Flight level 140 when passing flight level 160 contact De Gaulle Approach on 126.42, Prime 525

A/C: De Gaulle Approach, Prime 525, passing flight level 160, descending to flight level 140, MOPIL 5E

ATC: Prime 525, descent flight level 110, reduce speed 250 knots, direct to VEBEK

A/C: Descent flight level 110, reduce speed 250 knots, direct to VEBEK, Prime 525

ATC: Prime 525, when passing VEBEK, fly heading 270° and contact Le Bourget Approach on 121.95

A/C: When passing VEBEK, fly heading 270° and contact Le Bourget Approach on 121.95, Prime 525

A/C: Le Bourget Approach, Prime 525, flight level 110, speed 250 knots, radar heading 270°

ATC: Prime 525 descent flight level 080, turn left heading 180°, reduce speed 210 knots

A/C: Descent flight level 080, turn left heading 180°, reduce speed 210 knots, Prime 525

ATC: Prime 525, descent altitude 3000 feet QNH 1005, turn right heading 210°, on this heading clear for ILS approach runway 27

A/C: Descent altitude 3000 feet QNH 1005, turn right heading 210°, on this heading clear for ILS approach runway 27, Prime 525

ATC: Prime 525, when established ILS runway 27, contact Le Bourget Tower on 118.92

A/C: When established ILS runway 27, contact Le Bourget Tower on 118.92, Prime 525

A/C: Prime 525, Established ILS runway 27

ATC: Prime 525, cleared to land runway 27, wind 230° 11 knots

A/C: Cleared to land runway 27, Prime 525

And now, play on! Here are other examples of virtual flights for more training on your own, using all you practiced above.

3. A circuit at Bordeaux

Information:

Radio call sign: Bordeaux

Plane identification: HB-OKP

Runway in use: 05 – 23

Radio frequencies:

  • TWR: 118.300
  • APP: 118.600
  • GND: 121.900

Time: 14h UTC

Instructions: You are on board of your plane, at the apron. Engine’s off. You intend to fly one complete circuit and come back to the apron, until engine off again. Contact must be made with Bordeaux GND for maneuvers and Bordeaux TWR for the circuit.

4. Departure from Brussels

Information:

Radio call sign: Brussels

Plane identification: Fastjet 256

Runway in use: 07R – 25L and 07L – 25R

Radio frequencies:

  • TWR: 127.150
  • APP: 129.725
  • GND: 121.875

Time: 12h UTC

Instructions: You are holding position RWY 25L at Brussels, for departure to Paris Charles de Gaulle. You are in contact with Brussels GND, waiting for departure clearance.

Route:

Via Chièvres

Runways 25L/R departures

Southbound via Airway A 55

Southbound via Airways T 172, UN 872 (only for traffic flightplanned above FL195) complusory for destinations with Paris TMA via airway N 872 southbound.