Final approach and landing

A “FINAL” report is made when an aircraft turns onto final within 4 nautical miles (7km) from touchdown.

If and when the report is made at a greater distance, a “LONG FINAL” report is made.

If the aircraft is making a straight-in approach, a “LONG FINAL” report is made at about 8 miles from touchdown. If no landing clearance is received at that time, a “FINAL” report is made at 4 miles from touchdown.

FASTFLY 123 LONG FINAL

FASTFLY 123 CONTINUE APPROACH WIND 240 DEGREES 15 KNOTS

FASTFLY 123

FASTFLY 123 FINAL

FASTFLY 123 RUNWAY 18 CLEARED TO LAND WIND 240 DEGREES 10 KNOTS

RUNWAY 18 CLEARED TO LAND FASTFLY 123

A pilot may request to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection from the ground.

FASTFLY 123 REQUEST LOW PASS UNSAFE LEFT GEAR INDICATION

FASTFLY 123 CLEARED LOW PASS RUNWAY 18 NOT BELOW 500 FEET REPORT FINAL

RUNWAY 18 NOT BELOW 500 FEET WILCO FASTFLY 123

If the low pass is made for the purpose of observing the undercarriage, one of the following replies could be used to describe its condition (examples are not exhaustive):

  • LANDING GEAR APPEARS DOWN;
  • RIGHT (or LEFT or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS DOWN (or UP);
  • WHEELS APPEAR UP;
  • RIGHT (or LEFT or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR DOWN (or UP).

For training purposes, a pilot may request permission to fly along the runway centre line without landing.

FASTFLY 123 REQUEST LOW APPROACH RUNWAY 18 FOR TRAINING

FASTFLY 123 CLEARED LOW APPROACH RUNWAY 18 NOT BELOW 250 FEET REPORT FINAL

RUNWAY 18 NOT BELOW 250 FEET WILCO FASTFLY 123

In order to save taxiing time when flying training in the traffic circuit pilots may request to carry out a “touch and go”, i.e. the aircraft lands, continues rolling and takes off, without stopping.
The touch and go clearance will include the runway designator.

O-BC REQUEST TOUCH AND GO

O-BC CLEARED TOUCH AND GO

CLEARED TOUCH AND GO O-BC

or

O-BC UNABLE TO APPROVE DUE TRAFFIC CONGESTION MAKE FULL STOP RUNWAY 18 CLEARED TO LAND

RUNWAY 18 CLEARED TO LAND FOR FULL STOP O-BC

or
O-BC MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT REPORT DOWNWIND

WILCO O-BC