IFR arrivals – Part 3

On occasions IFR aircraft do not complete the instrument approach procedure but request permission to make a visual approach. A request for a visual approach does not imply the aircraft is flying in VMC, but only that the specified requirements for a visual approach have been met and that the pilot can maintain visual reference to the terrain. The flight also continues in accordance with the IFR.

GREENVILLE APPROACH OO-ABC

OO-ABC GREENVILLE APPROACH

OO-ABC ESTIMATING GREENVILLE NDB AT 25 FL 80

O-BC CLEARED NDB APPROACH RUNWAY 18, DESCENT TO 3000 FEET QNH 1012 TRANSITION LEVEL 50, NO DELAY EXPECTED

CLEARED NDB APPROACH RUNWAY 18 LEAVING FL 80 DESCENDING TO 3000 FEET QNH 1012 TRANSITION LEVEL 50 O-BC

O-BC OVER GREENVILLE NDB 3000 FEET FIELD IN SIGHT, REQUEST VISUAL APPROACH

O-BC CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY 18 NUMBER 1 CONTACT TOWER 125.65

CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY 18, 125.65 O-BC

Normally a holding procedure should be published. However, when the pilot requires a detailed description of the holding procedure, the following phraseology should be used:

FASTFLY 123 HOLD AT NORTH CROSS FL 90

FASTFLY 123 REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS

FASTFLY 123 HOLD AT NORTH CROSS NDB FL 90 INBOUND TRACK 250 DEGREES LEFT HAND PATTERN OUTBOUND TIME 1 MINUTE

FASTFLY 123 REQUEST HOLDING PROCEDURE

FASTFLY 123 HOLD ON THE 265 RADIAL OF TENTOWN VOR BETWEEN 20 MILES AND 25 MILES DME FL 100 INBOUND TRACK 085 RIGHT HAND PATTERN EXPECTED APPROACH TIME 0703 UTC