Structure

2. Structure

Basic guidance on assessing structure:

  • Is meaning regularly affected?
    This may indicate a tendency towards a level 3 in this area.
  • Despite any structural errors, does communication still remain effective?
    This may indicate a level 4 in this area.
  • Are there only a few minor structural errors and slight loss of meaning when using more complex structure?
    This may indicate a level 5 in this area.
  • Are there no errors which affect meaning in any way as well as usage of complex structures?
    This may indicate a level 6 in this area.

Guidance on global and local errors:

Assessors should be aware of ICAO doc 9835 paragraph 2.3.4.1 which describes the differences between local and global errors.

Very simply put, a global error interferes with meaning, a local error does not.

Frequency of local and global errors

Frequent global errors and some or many local errors

Infrequent global errors and some local errors

Rare local errors and some global errors with complex structures

No global errors some local errors

Possible grade

3 or below

4

5

6

Guidance on basic and complex structures:

Assessors should read ICAO doc 9835 Appendix B part IV which provides a glossary of basic and complex structures.

Frequency of basic and complex structure errors

Basic structure has frequent errors and limits range of expressions

Basic structure has some errors, complex structures are not attempted or contain errors

Basic structure has few errors. Complex structure is used but contains errors

Very few errors in basic or complex structures

Possible grade

3 or below

4

5

6