Part 2: Reading comprehension

Part 2: Reading comprehension

Read the following incident reports relating to technical problems in aircraft and then answer the questions which follow.

Report 1

Brake failure while backtracking during taxi in to stand. A/c backtracking using asymmetric power and RH brake. At approx 40 deg into turn, RH brake pedal went to the floor and a/c began to turn to the left. Unable to straighten nose wheel. Before passengers disembarked and baggage removed, nose oleo fully compressed. When passengers and baggage off a/c oleo popped back up.

Report 2

PAN declared due to rough running engine during visual circuits. A/c cleared to approach and landed safely.

Report 3

UK Reportable Accident. Nose gear collapsed on landing. One POB no injuries. Subject to AAIB investigation

Report 4

PAN declared due to unsafe landing gear indication. Flypast inspection carried out and gear appeared to be down. Pilot elected to wait for daylight before landing. A/c landed safely with emergency services in attendance.

Report 5

A/c diverted following ‘RH engine control unit (ECU) B failure’. Engineer’s investigation found a ‘Cam 2 fail’ in the FADEC data. Connector and sensor pins cleaned, and switches reset.

Report 6

Birdstrike to nr2 engine on take-off. Take-off continued. Crack subsequently found in RH engine propeller spinner after landing.

Report 7

MAYDAY declared due to low oil pressure. Pilot advised ATC after landing that it was the fuel pressure that had vanished during climb out and began rising on short final.

Report 8

When fastening lap belt the RH strap did not easily insert into the quick release buckle (QRB). The LH strap released immediately but the RH remained jammed.


  1. Give the report number for the incident(s) which you consider the most serious? Explain your answer
  2. Which of these reports relate to incidents which happened while the aircraft were airborne?
  3. Which of these reports relate to incidents which happened before take-off?
  4. Which of these reports relate to incidents which happened on landing?
  5. Which ones involved multi-engine aircraft?
  6. Which of these incidents led to injuries?
  7. Explain what is meant by a “flypast inspection” (report 4).
  8. What appears to have caused the cracked propeller spinner in report 6?
  9. What do the following abbreviations and acronyms stand for:
    • a/c
    • approx
    • RH
    • POB
    • AAIB
    • ECU
    • FADEC
    • ATC
    • QRB
    • LH
  10. Which of the words / expressions underlined in the text correspond to these definitions:
    • unable to move freely / stuck
    • foot operated control used to stop an aeroplane on the ground
    • the undercarriage of an aircraft
    • part of the landing gear, a shock absorber
    • a hand / finger control to activate or deactivate a device
    • moved suddenly back into position
    • the part of the undercarriage at the front of an aircraft
    • going back in the direction from which you have come